What is Body Psychotherapy
Body psychotherapy is one of the main branches of psychotherapy. It has its roots in the work of Freud and his student William Reich. It has developed over the last 75 years using the studies of disciplines such as neuropsychology, biology, anthropology, neurophysiology, and developmental psychology.
Body Psychotherapy is a Body Oriented psychotherapy that shapes their work in line with the functional integrity of the body-mind accepted by all psychotherapeutic approaches. At this point, it differs from traditional psychotherapy that focuses more on the mind.
Freud said that unexpressible, suppressed emotions, thoughts and feelings can cause tension and lock-in in the body, and sought solutions by addressing this problem with an analytical and mind-focused approach. His student, William Reich, focused on the body, taking into account the fact that the body and mind are one and there is no hierarchical relationship between them.
In other words, it says that consciousness and subconsciousness can sometimes be reached through the body, so that not only the mind but also the body should participate in therapies. In this context, body psychotherapy is a dynamic approach. During therapy, the participant does not only provide relief by thinking and talking about their past experiences and feelings, or simply try to reach the source of the problems in this way. Using techniques that stimulate the body and mind such as Radix training, relaxation, meditation, yoga, and shiatsu massage, the person’s subconscious is reached, physical awareness is increased, emotions such as fear, anger, anxiety are brought to the surface, confrontation is ensured, and what effects such feelings have on the body is experienced.
There is one more thing about body psychotherapy, it has been scientifically proven that body psychotherapy is highly effective in the treatment of disorders such as depression, panic attacks, sexual disorders, substance addiction (alcohol, drugs), eating disorders, as well as psychological balance disorders, borderline disorders, and psychotic diseases.
RADIX APPROACH IN PSYCHOTHERAPY
The Radix approach to psychotherapy is a third-generation therapy derived from the work of Reich and Charles R. Kelley’s work. ) affects individual development and change by applying a holistic approach to his studies. The Radix approach uses a wide variety of methods and techniques as in body psychotherapy, focusing particularly on inhibited emotions such as fear, anger, and pain.
With Radix works, the ability to express and feel deep feelings increases. This means the growth and development of personality without oppressive training. Radix oriented body psychotherapy studies are working on and with the body. Radix’s Latin origin is the source and vitality, and Charles R. Kelly calls the vitality the pulse.
The basic concepts in therapy are pulse – opposite pulse, charge – discharge, armor and blocking.
The main technique used is the “intensive” technique, which means intense emotional expression. A structured working method consisting of eight parts is applied on the body. These sections; ocular (eye related), oral (oral), cervical (neck), thoracic (chest), abdominal (abdominal), diaphragm (diaphragm), pelvic, hand and feet.
As the study progresses, the participants solve their problems such as anxiety, depression, and trauma, and they generally begin to experience more vivid and uniqueness. Although the Radix approach is applied in different ways according to the needs of each participant, all studies have a common theme such as mind-body unity, grounding, average, ego strengthening, pulse, charge, discharge, sincerity, satisfaction, choice, and awareness.
SOME TECHNIQUES USED IN BODY PSYCHOTHERAPY
Spirit is a system created to train the body and mind.
It consists of three main branches;
1. Bodily movements (asanas)
2. Breathing exercises
This system, which is described as Classical Yoga, has eight parts. These eight parts represent the eight stages of consciousness or states of awareness in the physical and spiritual bodies.
-The Japanese word Reiki means “life energy that exists everywhere”.
-The aim is to achieve mental and physical balance.
Life energy is transferred to the energy centers in the body using hands. According to the understanding of energy medicine, the first symptoms of the disease are the life energy in the body. It occurs with its decrease and / or increase for various reasons. Impaired balance in the body is tried to be corrected by reiki application.
-Its word meaning is ‘to press with finger’.
-It is a technique developed in Japan.
Accepts the energy medicine’s understanding of illness, such as Reiki. Various forms of pressure are exerted on the energy meridians in the body, and some mechanical manipulations such as stretching and playing the body. The aim is to achieve and maintain physical balance.
-It has a history of 12 thousand years.
-It is a complementary treatment method.
-It accepts the energy medicine’s understanding of illness.
According to this method, there is a point where each organ reflects on the hand and sole of the foot. The effect of the application made on these points is seen in the area where it is reflected.